The real estate tax is the property market regulation the biggest trick Sichuan channel people’s net-thinkpad s230u

Is the real estate tax the "biggest trick" in the regulation of the real estate market? — Sichuan channel people’s original title: real estate tax is the biggest trick of the property market regulation? Property market in a "limit" sound once again ushered in the policy inflection point. And as each round of the property market changes, accompanied by the real estate tax topic wind again, this is no exception. Some have likened real estate taxes to the sword of Damour, hanging above the property market. But as many people in the industry say, the regulation of the property market has never been a panacea, tax revenue has never been a panacea, the real estate tax reform should be carried out in a clear, macro and long-term framework. In the regulation of the property market in the toolbox, the tax is not for short-term behavior for China current market regulation, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) officials have recently suggested China property tax, but at the same time that the "real estate tax from legislation to implement takes a long time, unable to cope with the short-term prices rise too". Some domestic experts and scholars also called again, the real estate tax should be accelerated landing, to some extent, it can curb the real estate speculation, and forced some stock houses into the market, change the supply and demand of the market, which is of great significance to the health and stability of the entire property market. The discussion of real estate tax in these years have never stopped: some people think that the launch should not urgent relief, some people think that should not rush slowly; some people think that the first answer to "rent" to land why tax issues; others proposed "how to sign" "why should sign" problems to be clear…… Discuss various topics, and even point to face confrontation consensus in the depth reflects a certain degree of this reform is "how to change" in the process of forming, but also reflects the parties hope to have long-term market tools to effectively control, avoid change radically. As we all know, tax, credit, restriction and land are important tools in the regulation toolbox of the property market, but the tax is not for short-term behavior. As some experts have said, taxes are serious and sustainable, and it’s unwise to do short-term business with long-term tools. "The property market regulation needs to emphasize the system construction, if the blind introduction of tax regulation is no overall plan for a fundamental transformation. The reform of real estate tax should be carried out on the premise of respecting the law of the property market and the law of taxation." Yang Zhiyong, a researcher at the Institute of Finance and trade economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said. Real estate tax is only the auxiliary function of regulation. If the property tax in the central level document of 2003 is regarded as the starting point of the real estate tax, the reform has completed several times of context conversion in the past 13 years. From property tax to property tax, and then to the real estate tax; from the regulation of the property market to the adjustment of income distribution, and then to the implementation of the statutory principle of Taxation, etc., all kinds of expressions allow people to have a lot of imagination about the reform of the real estate tax. Levying real estate tax is an international practice. In some developed countries, the history is even more than one hundred years. An expert in international comparisons of real estate taxes told reporters that some foreign experts were surprised by the fact that many people in China had multiple homes, and to their surprise, there was no real estate tax levied on individuals in china. As a tax category

房地产税是楼市调控“最大招”吗?–四川频道–人民网 原标题:房地产税是楼市调控“最大招”吗?   楼市在一片“限”声中再次迎来了政策拐点。而正如每一轮的楼市异动,都伴随着房地产税话题的风声再起,此次亦不例外。   有人曾把房地产税比作悬在楼市上空的达摩克利斯之剑。但正如很多业内人士所言,楼市调控从没有一味万能灵药,税收也从来都不是万能手段,房地产税改革应该在一个明确、宏观、长远的框架下进行。   在楼市调控的工具箱里,税收不是针对短期行为的   针对中国目前的楼市调控,国际货币基金组织(IMF)官员近日建议中国征收房产税,但同时表示“房产税从立法到实施需要耗费较长时间,无法应对短期房价过快上涨问题”。   一些国内专家学者也再度呼吁,房地产税应加快落地,其在一定程度上能够抑制房地产投机,并倒逼一些存量房流入市场,改变市场供需,这对整个楼市的健康稳定意义重大。   房地产税的讨论这些年从未停止:有人认为推出宜缓不宜急,有人认为宜急不宜缓;有人认为首先要解答“租”来的土地为何要征税的问题;有人则提出“怎么征”“为什么要征”的问题亟待明确……   种种话题的讨论,甚至是观点的直面交锋一定程度上折射出这项改革究竟“怎么改”的共识还在深度形成过程中,也反映出各方希望楼市能够拥有着眼长期的工具来有效调控,避免大起大落。   众所周知,税收、信贷、限购、土地等都是楼市调控工具箱中的重要工具,但税收不是针对短期行为的。正如一些专家所言,税收是严肃的、持续的,如果用长线工具做短线操作非明智之举。   “楼市调控需要强调制度建设,如果盲目引入税收调节手段只是头痛医头,脚痛医脚。房地产税的改革应该在尊重楼市规律、税收规律的前提下进行。”中国社科院财政与贸易经济研究所研究员杨志勇说。   房地产税只是调控的辅助功能   如果将2003年中央层级文件中出现“物业税”作为房地产税进入视野的起点,13年中,这项改革已经完成了数次的语境转换。从物业税到房产税,再到房地产税;从楼市调控到收入分配调节,再到落实税收法定原则等,各种表述让人们对房地产税改革有了很大的遐想空间。   征收房地产税是国际惯例,在一些发达国家的历史甚至超过百年。一位从事房地产税国际比较研究多年的专家曾对记者说,一些外国专家惊讶于中国很多人拥有多套住房,而让他们更加惊讶的是中国没有征收针对个人的房地产税。   作为一个税种,房地产税有三重功能,其一是作为一个典型意义的财产税,调节收入分配;其二,作为一个典型意义上的地方税,完善地方税体系;其三,作为典型意义的房屋保有环节的税种,进行楼市调控。毋庸置疑,这三项功能都是目前中国所亟需的。   不同的主体功能定位很可能会有不同的改革考量。从税收角度而言,楼市调控只是房地产税的一个辅助功能。   “房地产税的改革应放到一个宏观、长远、可持续性的角度去考虑,要避免走形。”上海财经大学公共政策与治理研究院院长胡怡建说。   房地产税法已列入立法计划   拥有世界上最聪明“大脑”的爱因斯坦曾说过,他最无法理解的就是个人所得税。作为与个税具有同样直接税特征的房地产税,有着复杂的税制设计与征管系统。在房地产税的众说纷纭与楼市的变幻莫测并行中,一切讨论、质疑、期待的前提应该是了解这个税种。   如今,房地产税改革已进入立法通道,房地产税法也已列入今年全国人大的立法工作计划,由全国人大常委会预算工作委员会和财政部牵头研究。   事实上,除了是对第几套房子征税、是按平方米征税还是按套数征税这些税制设计上的难点外,房地产税推出的另一个难点是“究竟怎么征税”。中国目前还没有完全构建起针对房地产税、个税等直接税的征管体系,以及不动产登记中遇到的难题,都让这项改革障碍重重。   对于房地产税的推出,普通百姓的心态可能不尽相同,初次购房者可能一方面怕波及自己,增加税负,另一方面也希望能够“逼”出更多房源,抑制房价。但对于拥有多套住房者可能会反复观望,考量着是不是要出手,什么时候出手。   北京大学法学院教授刘剑文说,从程序上讲,房地产税的推出会有公开征求意见、审议、表决等程序,不会一下子出来,而且会在于法有据、保护纳税人权利的基础上进行,会最大限度满足普通百姓的基本住房需求,赋予地方更多的自主权,社会也要对房地产税的推出有合理的期待。(记者何雨欣、申铖) (责编:李强强、高红霞)相关的主题文章: