The giant killer has claimed Marfan athletes life-www.yiyi.cc

The "giant killer" has claimed Marfan athletes life before the age of 28 women’s Volleyball National team had more heart attacks the death of athletes were killed the tall, slender hands and feet is not necessarily a good thing, may also have a life-threatening disease! A week ago, China women’s Volleyball National champion, Henan women’s volleyball team before the original Huo Xuan sudden myocardial infarction died, only 28 years old. It is reported that the cause of death from Xuan Huo Marfan syndrome, American women’s volleyball champion Hayman, Sichuan men’s Volleyball National Champion Zhu Gang, and basketball player Zhang Jiadi and Wuqiang were so sudden death. The "giant killer" Marfan has claimed athletes life height of 1.9 meters was the Henan women’s volleyball team captain Xuan Huo, in 2009, had been selected for the women’s volleyball squad. But because of poor health, she retired at the age of 25. – what is the "Marfan syndrome"? According to Chinese Wuhan people’s Liberation Army General Hospital Director of cardiothoracic surgery professor Zhu Shuibo, also known as Marfan Marfan syndrome (toe) syndrome is a congenital hereditary connective tissue disease, autosomal dominant inheritance, family history. Look for the performance from the physique: slender limbs, arms horizontally span greater than height, hands over the knee, lower than the upper body length. It looks like a spider’s leg, so it’s commonly called "spider man". Because many of the patients have symptoms of height beyond the average person, they are especially outstanding in sports. But for athletes, Marfan syndrome is not only "good news", but is a giant killer. "". In Huo Xuan before Marfan syndrome has killed many elite athletes in domestic life: 1984, height of 2.17 meters China basketball player Han Pengshan to death, at the age of 28; in 2001, Sichuan volleyball athletes, 2.04 meters tall Zhu just to death, when he was just 30 years old; in 2009, the Shenyang basketball players in Wuqiang suffered a heart attack in height 2.12 meters died, only 23 years old; in 2012, once known as the "Liaoning men’s basketball team Zhang Jiadi heart attack Yao Ming’s death, only 24 years old. "Patients with Marfan" can not engage in strenuous sports is not only domestic, there are also many foreign athletes died of marfan". In 1986, the 31 year old American women’s Volleyball star Hayman suddenly died in the game, the cause of death is Marfan syndrome caused by aortic dissection rupture. Italy men’s Volleyball National Champion Bo Wolunta, Venezuela Cara Barry, Italy women’s Volleyball National team football player Moluosini, Russian skater Grinkov…… Reporter inventory list found that, either at home or abroad, the majority of athletes died of Marfan syndrome is basketball, volleyball. In this regard, Professor Zhu Shuibo believes that Marfan syndrome is not basketball, volleyball patent disease, but with Marfan "who is not suitable for such a strenuous exercise ball. "Because people with Marfan syndrome patients often accompanied by abnormal cardiovascular system." Professor Zhu Shuibo says most patients with Marfan syndrome have heart valve abnormalities and aortic aneurysms. Aortic dissection is the most dangerous, if not withstand aortic pressure and rupture in a few minutes, internal bleeding shock and cause sudden death, the body can be described as "time bomb"..

“巨人杀手”马凡氏 已夺走多名运动员生命28岁前女排国手突发心梗去世曾有多名运动员被此病夺走生命身材高挑、手脚细长不一定是好事,也可能得了一种要命的病!一周前,中国女排前国手、原河南女排队员霍萱突发心梗去世,年仅28岁。据悉,霍萱死因源于马凡氏综合征,原美国女排名将海曼、四川男排国手朱刚、以及男篮运动员张佳迪和武强均因此病猝死。“巨人杀手”马凡氏已夺走多名运动员生命身高1.9米的霍萱曾是河南女排队长,2009年,曾入选过当时的女排国家队集训名单。但因身体不好,她不到25岁便退役。■什么是“马凡氏综合征”?据中国人民解放军武汉总医院心胸外科主任朱水波教授介绍,马凡氏综合征又名蜘蛛指(趾)综合征,属于一种先天性遗传性结缔组织疾病,为常染色体显性遗传,有家族史。从体格上看表现为:四肢细长,双臂平伸指距大于身长,双手下垂过膝,下半身比上半身长。看起来像蜘蛛腿一般,因而俗称为“蜘蛛人”症。由于患者中很多人都有身高明显超出常人的“症状”,他们在运动方面尤其出众。但对于体育运动员来说,马凡氏综合征不仅不是“福音”,反而是个“巨人杀手”。在霍萱之前,马凡综合征已夺去国内不少优秀运动员的生命:1984年,身高2.17米的中国男篮运动员韩朋山猝死,时年28岁;2001年,身高2.04米的四川排球运动员朱刚猝死,那年他刚满30岁;2009年,身高2.12米的沈阳篮球运动员武强突发心脏病去世,年仅23岁;2012年,曾经被誉为“小姚明”的原辽宁男篮队员张佳迪突发心脏病去世,年仅24岁。“马凡氏”患者不能从事剧烈运动项目不仅是国内,国外也有众多运动员死于“马凡氏”。1986年,31岁的美国女排名将海曼在比赛中突然猝死球场,死亡原因正是马凡综合征引起的主动脉夹层破裂。意大利前男排国手博沃伦塔、委内瑞拉女排国手卡拉巴里、意大利足球运动员莫罗斯尼、俄罗斯滑冰选手格林科夫……记者盘点名单发现,无论是国内还是国外,死于马凡综合征的运动员多是篮球、排球项目。对此,朱水波教授认为,马凡综合征不是篮球、排球专利病,而是患有“马凡氏”的人不适合进行球类这样的剧烈运动。“因为患有马凡氏综合征的病患总是伴有心血管系统异常。”朱水波教授说,绝大多数马凡综合征患者合并有心脏瓣膜异常和主动脉瘤。其中主动脉夹层最为危险,一旦承受不住主动脉内压力而破裂,可于几分钟之内因大出血休克而导致病人猝死,可谓体内的“不定时炸弹”。朱水波说,由于患病者一般都是身长、手长、脚长,容易被排球和篮球运动队当成苗子选中,所以,排球、篮球运动员患有马凡氏综合征的概率大一些。“但就所有排、篮球运动员来说,这个病并非是常见病。”朱水波告诉记者,马凡氏综合征是15号染色体发生基因突变的一种先天性遗传性疾病,在人群中的发病率大约为万分之一到万分之三。诊断“马凡氏”并非难事有数据显示,未经治愈的患者平均寿命为男性30岁左右,女性40岁左右,95%的患者死于心血管并发症。另外,马凡综合征还会改变患者骨骼、眼睛和皮肤。如走路双腿外撇、眼睛突然看不见了、出现“鸡胸”或“漏斗胸”。因为是遗传病,所以马凡氏综合征会在很长的时间后才会显现出来,发病以前患者自己很难知道患病。不过,马凡综合征诊断并不难,心电图、超声心动图、掌骨及胸部X线片和磁共振检查后即可确诊。朱水波建议,有马凡氏综合征家族史的人,或者发现自身存在骨骼、眼、心血管病变等,应及时去医院心血管外科做个检查。一旦发现,就应根据情况进行手术治疗,随着科技进步,成功率已在90%以上。“除了运动外,情绪起伏甚至喝酒也都是引发‘马凡氏’患者猝死的原因。”朱水波表示,早发现早治疗可避免心力衰竭、主动脉破裂和心肌梗塞的发生。他建议,想要在体坛减少运动员因身患马凡氏综合征猝死的情况,首先运动队在选材体检时要严格把关,要对马凡氏综合征予以足够重视。朱水波表示,运动队在选材时要特别对身高1.9米以上的运动员详细了解有无遗传病家族史,并且建议高个运动员在体检时针对马凡氏综合征做检查。相关的主题文章: